Guava has quadrangular branchlets, oval to oblong leaves about 7.6 cm in length, and four-petaled white flowers about 2.5 cm broad.
The fruits are round to pear-shaped and measure up to 7.6 cm in diameter; their pulp contains many small hard seeds. The fruit has yellow skin and white, yellow, or pink flesh. The musky, at times pungent, the odor of the sweet pulp is not always appreciated. The plant possesses hard dry wood and thin bark.
1- Anticancer Properties:
Guava can be very useful in inhibiting the growth of cancerous cells and tumor growth. The vitamin C, antioxidant, and antiproliferative of Guava fight free radicals, which targets cancerous growths and prevent the spread of cancerous cells. Guava also contains lycopene that focuses on prostate cancer and prevents it from taking roots. Apart from antioxidants, Guavas contain fiber that prevents hemorrhoids and colon cancer.
2- Manages Diabetes:
Guava helps keep the blood sugar levels in check. The high amounts of dietary fiber in Guava can positively affect glucose blood sugar levels and prevent spikes in diabetes patients as well as lower blood sugar levels. It also prevents constipation, which is a common problem faced by individuals who have diabetes.
3- Eye Health:
Guava is rich with vitamin A, known to prevent macular degeneration and protect the retina from being damaged by the effects of free radicals. Vitamin A keeps the oxidative stress at bay and prevents eye diseases such as cataracts and vision loss.
4- Manages Hypertension:
Guava contains dietary fiber which keeps the arteries and blood vessels clean. This helps promote a moderate blood flow which is necessary for preventing excessive blood flow to the heart. Guava is hypoglycemic which can be helpful in regulating adequate blood flow throughout the body.
5- Supports Digestion:
The fiber content in Guava aids the digestive system. The adequate absorption of nutrients and the regular excretion of toxins and waste are necessary for the body to stay healthy. Guava keeps the intestinal lining stays healthy and the nutrients are being absorbed well.
6- Boost Immunity:
Guava is a rich source of vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant. Regular consumption of Guavas can boost body immunity. Hence, it can prevent chronic diseases and infections from taking root in the body.
7- Thyroid Health:
Deficient copper in the body can cause thyroid hyperfunctions. This can develop into chronic illness and causes severe health risks. Therefore, Guava which is rich with copper may keep the health of the thyroid gland in check and also target the excessive production of the TSH hormone.
8- Treats Scurvy:
Scurvy is a severe health condition that can lead to other health problems. The main identified reason for scurvy is the deficiency of vitamin C. Guava is a rich source of vitamin C. Thus, the consumption of Guava may help treats scurvy.
9- Anti-Ageing Properties:
Guava is rich with antioxidants and vitamin C. It can protect the body and skin from oxidative damage as well as the effects of ageing. Vitamin C aids the production of collagen, especially in the skin cells. Guava also gives the face a tightening and firming effect.
10- Boosts Metabolism:
To keep the body healthy and promote oxygenation, the metabolic rate needs to maintain. Guava is rich with dietary fibers and antioxidants are useful in muscle regeneration and keep the brain functioning properly. The dietary fiber also is useful in helping the body break down complex proteins and reduces bloating.
11- Prevents Diarrhea:
Diseases like diarrhoea can strip the body of essential nutrients and also weaken the immune system. Consuming Guava may help bulk up the stool and also help retain nutrients in the body. The dietary fiber of the Guava also helps prevent diarrhoea as it will bulk up the stool.
12- Weight Loss:
Healing snacking between meals is necessary for active weight loss. Eating fewer foods that spike energy levels without actually providing any nutrients can be more damaging to the body. Guavas are rich in vitamins and minerals which provide the right energy boost, and the dietary fiber keeps the stomach full for a long time. Guava has no cholesterol and contains a low number of digestible carbohydrates. This combination makes Guava, a filling snack that satisfies the appetite very easily.
13- Relieves Menstrual Symptoms:
There are spasmolytic effects of Guava leaf extract. The extract was found to relieve cramps of smooth muscle-like that of the uterus.
14- Supports Healthy Pregnancy:
Guava is a good source of folate, an essential nutrient during pregnancy. This nutrient prevents birth defects in the baby, especially those associated with the baby’s brain and spinal cord.
15- Antidepressant Properties:
Guava is rich with magnesium. This nutrient is known to relax the body’s nerves and muscles as well as relieves anxiety.
16- Skin Care:
Antioxidants in Guava protect skin from damage and delay signs of ageing. The abundance of vitamins A and C contribute to skin firmness. Guava extract’s antimicrobial properties help treat acne as they are effective in eliminating the bacteria that cause acne. The rich detoxifying properties help keep skin glowing and free from signs of premature ageing, wrinkles, and other dermal disorders. Guavas are also a great source of vitamin K, which helps get rid of skin discoloration, dark circles, redness, and acne irritation.
17- Dental Care:
Juice of Guava leaves can provide relief from toothaches, heal swollen gums, and oral ulcers. Guava leaves have a potent anti-inflammatory action and a powerful antibacterial ability that fights infection and kills germs.
18- Relieves Constipation:
Guava is one of the richest sources of dietary fiber among fruits, and its seeds serve as excellent laxatives. These two properties help the formation of healthy bowel movements, aid in retaining water in the body, and keep the intestinal tract in top-notch health.
19- Improves Brain Health:
Guava is rich with B vitamins, B3, and B6. Vitamin B3 (also known as niacin) can increase blood flow and stimulates cognitive function, whereas vitamin B6 is a nutrient related to brain and nerve function.
20- Relieves Cough and Cold:
Guava is one of the richest sources of vitamin C and iron. Both nutrients are effective in preventing or lessening colds and viral infections. However, avoid drinking water immediately after eating Guava as it can lead to a sore throat.
– In many countries, Guava is eaten raw, typically cut into quarters or eaten like an apple, whereas in other countries it is eaten with a pinch of salt and pepper, cayenne powder, or a mix of spices.
– Guava is used as jellies, juice, pastries, sauces, and cocktails.
– Pulque de Guava is a popular alcoholic beverage in Mexico.
– Because of its high level of pectin, Guavas are extensively used to make candies, preserves, jellies, jams, and marmalades.
– Medicines that have a huge concentration of Guava may not be suitable for pregnant or breastfeeding women.
– It is always better to eat the fruit in its natural form. Do consult a doctor before adding it as a supplement.
Source – *Halima Yard Remedies*